Carrociero family in London mid 1800s

By Trudi Leach nee Hand, UK

Various spellings of name: Carrocie –  Carracino – Carrocino – Carrociers (Information taken from census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901. Also BMD records.)

1st Generation

Giovanni Carrociero came to London alone some time before 1861 and appears on the 1861 census as ‘John Carrociero’ (b. State of Switzerland, 1834) and residing at 44½ (!) Blackfriars Road, he is listed as an Ice Merchant and residing at the same address is Frances Gianetta (a Servant b. State of Switzerland 1841) an Ice Merchant Assistant (someone has suggested to me that this might actually be his wife Guidetta, I appreciate that the name could have been annoted wrongly but there is also the fact that this person is male and if it is Guidetta where is their son who was born in Switzerland?).  I am not putting too much credence on the dob and as John is the English form of Giovanni I am 99% convinced they are one and the same person.

He appears to have come to London alone as his wife and eldest son, both born in Switzerland, do not appear until the 1871 census, however there is some doubt about this as his eldest child is born in Switzerland in 1865. It would have been financially impossible for him to have returned to Switzerland so there is the possibility his wife and child were deliberately omitted from the census or just not actually on the premises on the night the census was taken.

1871

502 Mile End Road, Mile End Old Town (MEOT)

Giovanni Carrociero, b. 1834, Confectioner

Guidetta (Gindetta), b. 1837/38  State of Switzerland, d. Watford 1908  aged 70

Rocco, b. 1865  State of Switzerland

Francesco Agostino (Francis Augustus), b. June 1868  Camberwell,  m. Sept 1889  St Saviours Southwall

Verginia (Virginia) Guiseppa, b. Dec 1870 MEOT,  m. Dec 1889 Whitechapel

Lodger;  Peter Jones  a Draper, b. 1829 Wales

1881

486 Mile End Road (Shop)

Giovanni, Confectioner

Guidetta

Rocco, Shop

Francesco

Virginia

Rosa Patronille (Rose Patronella), b. Dec 1872  MEOT   m. Dec 1885 MEOT

Luigi Guiseppo (Louis Joseph), b. Sept 1874 MEOT   d. March 1924

Helvetia Maria aka Maria Helvetia, b.  1877 MEOT   Marries Daniel Gower Dec 1895 Shoreditch

Maria is known in the family as Mary.

1891

Both Giovanni and his mother in law have died, the family are still living at 486 Mile End Road with only Guidetta (widow) Confectioner, Rosa, Luigi and Maria at home.

1901

On the night of the 1901 census Guidetta Carrociero (Judetta Carracino), b. 1837. A widow,  is listed as an inmate of the MEOT Workhouse, and on further investigation she appears to be an ‘in-and-outer’ using the Workhouse frequently. From the entry it can either be assumed that Guidetta never really mastered English or that the person who recorded her details misheard the name. Guidetta dies in 1908 approximately 70 years old.

Master of the Institution Edward Henry Buckeridge.

2nd Generation

Giovanni and Guidetta’s first born son Rocco marries Maria (Marian) Jane Bidward (Bedward) sometime between 1881 and 1891  and is shown in 1891 as follows:

1891

165a Strand

Rocco  Carrociero, b. 1865, Coffee House Restaurant Keeper  b. Switzerland – Nat. British Subject

d. 19 Oct 1931; see here http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33777/pages/7866/page.pdf

Maria(n) Jane, b. 1862/3, Stepney/ Limehouse, d. June 1914 Southwark

His Mother in Law Mary Bidward (Bedward), b 1821  Montgomery

and children

Jessie Helveka (Helvetia), b.  1885, m.  Mr Slattery at Lambeth in  March 1907 and subsequently moves to Canada

Giovannina Guidetta, b. June 1887  Stepney

Rocco Ambrose, b.  March 1889 Strand London, m. 1921 Nellie E Batchelder

Adelina Elise, b. June 1890

Servants

George and Thomas Murphy, b. 1861 Cook, b. 1863  Servant shopman

Frederick Thruswell, b. 1875  Cook

1901

253 Whitechapel Road

The family are still together and listed with

Rocco’s younger brother Luigi, b. 1874, Cook

His Mother in law has died and the servants have left his employ.

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In 1881 and 1891 there is another Carrociero family listed but no relationship has been proved however a relationship seems very likely.

1881

32 Bishopsgate Street

Charles (Carlo) Carrociers Unmarried Confectioner, b. 1853, Switzerland, d. 22 Jan 1893 London City

Charles Jaconelli (Juconelli), Confectioner, b. 1851

Guiseppe Rapi, Married Confectioner, b. 1850   Italy (no mention of wife on census)

1891

32 Bishopsgate St Boltophs

Carlo (Charles) Carrociero, Coffee Refreshment Salesman, b.  1853 Switzerland

d. March 1893 London city,  see here; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/26376/pages/1085/page.pdf

Agostino Barcessa, (Boarder) Assistant Coffee Refreshment Salesman, b. 1857  Switzerland

Carlo Frusetta (Boarder)  -do-  b. 1857  Switzerland

George Stanesly (Boarder) -do- b. 1866 England

There are other Carrociero births, deaths and marriages listed since 1901 and I must assume they are related to those described above. There are still Carrocieros in the London phone directory today.

In the Old Bailey Records for 13 July 1909  Rocc(i)o Carrociero of 142 Borough Green High Street was called to give evidence against a man who had passed him a counterfeit half crown

http://www.oldbaileyonline.org/browse.jsp?id=t19090907-12&div=t19090907-12

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On 27th September 1930 Giovannina Carrociero (Maria’s niece) travelled to Canada to see her older sister.

She travelled 3rd class on the Empress of France and gave her address in England as 233 South Lambeth Road London SW   Trade Shop Assistant.

She arrived in Quebec 3rd October 1931 and was logged to be joining her sister Jessis (Helveca) Slattery (Nee Carrociero) at 809 Ashburn Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba and listed her father Rocco as her nearest relative. Rocco’s address was 157 Bishopsgate London.  Giovannina’s entry in the records states she was a ‘landed immigrant’ and indicates she was coming to Canada as a ‘Domestic’

She arrived back at Tilbury on the Duchess of York from Montreal in September 1931 having been away from home for a year.

Taken from the emigration records Ancestry.co.uk.

My mother (Daniel and Maria’s grand daughter) remembers relatives coming from Canada to visit Maria, my mother thinks she was about 8 or 9 so this might have been soon after Giovannina came back.

The family all thought of Maria (Mary) as Italian however the records show she was Swiss Italian, from that area in Switzerland many, many people left in the mid 1800s to escape the crippling poverty in the area at the time.

http://www.swissinfo.ch/eng/specials/swiss-italian_migrations/index.html?siteSect=22500

John Carrociero is mentioned many times in the book Continental Taste:Ticinese emigrants and their cafe-restaurants in Britain by Peter Barber and Peter Jacomelli ; he is mentioned by name alongside a number of restaurants that he ran.

There must have been extreme circumstances for his widow to be destitute at some time in her life, she is recorded as an ‘in and outer’ in the Mile End Workhouse prior to her death in Watford 1908.

Helvetia Maria aka Maria Helvetia aka Mary, born in 1877 married Daniel Gower Dec 1895 Shoreditch – my great Grandmother and Grandfather

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