By Trudi Leach nee Hand, UK
Various spellings of name: Carrocie – Carracino – Carrocino – Carrociers (Information taken from census 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891 and 1901. Also BMD records.)
Giovanni Carrociero came to London alone some time before 1861 and appears on the 1861 census as ‘John Carrociero’ (b. State of Switzerland, 1834) and residing at 44½ (!) Blackfriars Road, he is listed as an Ice Merchant and residing at the same address is Frances Gianetta (a Servant b. State of Switzerland 1841) an Ice Merchant Assistant (someone has suggested to me that this might actually be his wife Guidetta, I appreciate that the name could have been annoted wrongly but there is also the fact that this person is male and if it is Guidetta where is their son who was born in Switzerland?). I am not putting too much credence on the dob and as John is the English form of Giovanni I am 99% convinced they are one and the same person.
He appears to have come to London alone as his wife and eldest son, both born in Switzerland, do not appear until the 1871 census, however there is some doubt about this as his eldest child is born in Switzerland in 1865. It would have been financially impossible for him to have returned to Switzerland so there is the possibility his wife and child were deliberately omitted from the census or just not actually on the premises on the night the census was taken.
502 Mile End Road, Mile End Old Town (MEOT)
Giovanni Carrociero, b. 1834, Confectioner
Guidetta (Gindetta), b. 1837/38 State of Switzerland, d. Watford 1908 aged 70
Rocco, b. 1865 State of Switzerland
Francesco Agostino (Francis Augustus), b. June 1868 Camberwell, m. Sept 1889 St Saviours Southwall
Verginia (Virginia) Guiseppa, b. Dec 1870 MEOT, m. Dec 1889 Whitechapel
Lodger; Peter Jones a Draper, b. 1829 Wales
486 Mile End Road (Shop)
Rosa Patronille (Rose Patronella), b. Dec 1872 MEOT m. Dec 1885 MEOT
Luigi Guiseppo (Louis Joseph), b. Sept 1874 MEOT d. March 1924
Helvetia Maria aka Maria Helvetia, b. 1877 MEOT Marries Daniel Gower Dec 1895 Shoreditch
Maria is known in the family as Mary.
Both Giovanni and his mother in law have died, the family are still living at 486 Mile End Road with only Guidetta (widow) Confectioner, Rosa, Luigi and Maria at home.
On the night of the 1901 census Guidetta Carrociero (Judetta Carracino), b. 1837. A widow, is listed as an inmate of the MEOT Workhouse, and on further investigation she appears to be an ‘in-and-outer’ using the Workhouse frequently. From the entry it can either be assumed that Guidetta never really mastered English or that the person who recorded her details misheard the name. Guidetta dies in 1908 approximately 70 years old.
Master of the Institution Edward Henry Buckeridge.
Giovanni and Guidetta’s first born son Rocco marries Maria (Marian) Jane Bidward (Bedward) sometime between 1881 and 1891 and is shown in 1891 as follows:
Rocco Carrociero, b. 1865, Coffee House Restaurant Keeper b. Switzerland – Nat. British Subject
d. 19 Oct 1931; see here http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/33777/pages/7866/page.pdf
Maria(n) Jane, b. 1862/3, Stepney/ Limehouse, d. June 1914 Southwark
His Mother in Law Mary Bidward (Bedward), b 1821 Montgomery
Jessie Helveka (Helvetia), b. 1885, m. Mr Slattery at Lambeth in March 1907 and subsequently moves to Canada
Giovannina Guidetta, b. June 1887 Stepney
Rocco Ambrose, b. March 1889 Strand London, m. 1921 Nellie E Batchelder
Adelina Elise, b. June 1890
George and Thomas Murphy, b. 1861 Cook, b. 1863 Servant shopman
Frederick Thruswell, b. 1875 Cook
253 Whitechapel Road
The family are still together and listed with
Rocco’s younger brother Luigi, b. 1874, Cook
His Mother in law has died and the servants have left his employ.
In 1881 and 1891 there is another Carrociero family listed but no relationship has been proved however a relationship seems very likely.
32 Bishopsgate Street
Charles (Carlo) Carrociers Unmarried Confectioner, b. 1853, Switzerland, d. 22 Jan 1893 London City
Charles Jaconelli (Juconelli), Confectioner, b. 1851
Guiseppe Rapi, Married Confectioner, b. 1850 Italy (no mention of wife on census)
32 Bishopsgate St Boltophs
Carlo (Charles) Carrociero, Coffee Refreshment Salesman, b. 1853 Switzerland
d. March 1893 London city, see here; http://www.london-gazette.co.uk/issues/26376/pages/1085/page.pdf
Agostino Barcessa, (Boarder) Assistant Coffee Refreshment Salesman, b. 1857 Switzerland
Carlo Frusetta (Boarder) -do- b. 1857 Switzerland
George Stanesly (Boarder) -do- b. 1866 England
There are other Carrociero births, deaths and marriages listed since 1901 and I must assume they are related to those described above. There are still Carrocieros in the London phone directory today.
In the Old Bailey Records for 13 July 1909 Rocc(i)o Carrociero of 142 Borough Green High Street was called to give evidence against a man who had passed him a counterfeit half crown
On 27th September 1930 Giovannina Carrociero (Maria’s niece) travelled to Canada to see her older sister.
She travelled 3rd class on the Empress of France and gave her address in England as 233 South Lambeth Road London SW Trade Shop Assistant.
She arrived in Quebec 3rd October 1931 and was logged to be joining her sister Jessis (Helveca) Slattery (Nee Carrociero) at 809 Ashburn Street, Winnipeg, Manitoba and listed her father Rocco as her nearest relative. Rocco’s address was 157 Bishopsgate London. Giovannina’s entry in the records states she was a ‘landed immigrant’ and indicates she was coming to Canada as a ‘Domestic’
She arrived back at Tilbury on the Duchess of York from Montreal in September 1931 having been away from home for a year.
Taken from the emigration records Ancestry.co.uk.
My mother (Daniel and Maria’s grand daughter) remembers relatives coming from Canada to visit Maria, my mother thinks she was about 8 or 9 so this might have been soon after Giovannina came back.
The family all thought of Maria (Mary) as Italian however the records show she was Swiss Italian, from that area in Switzerland many, many people left in the mid 1800s to escape the crippling poverty in the area at the time.
John Carrociero is mentioned many times in the book Continental Taste:Ticinese emigrants and their cafe-restaurants in Britain by Peter Barber and Peter Jacomelli ; he is mentioned by name alongside a number of restaurants that he ran.
There must have been extreme circumstances for his widow to be destitute at some time in her life, she is recorded as an ‘in and outer’ in the Mile End Workhouse prior to her death in Watford 1908.
Helvetia Maria aka Maria Helvetia aka Mary, born in 1877 married Daniel Gower Dec 1895 Shoreditch – my great Grandmother and Grandfather